Weight changes, accumulation of fatty tissue in lower abdomen and pregnancy may stretch the abdominal muscles and skin. If the abdomen is slacking and sagging and it cannot be improved by conservative means or liposuction, a surgical operation can help.
How is the surgery performed?
Abdominoplasty is performed under general anesthesia and it takes two to three hours. The incision is longer than in case of a cesarean section, and the scar will often also be wider and more noticeable. The incision is made from hip to hip. After that, loose muscles are tightened by sutures. The navel remains in its original position. Excess fatty tissue and skin are removed and the incision is closed, but two drains are left into the incision for the time of hospitalization. After abdominoplasty it is recommended to remain hospitalized for two nights. After the operation there may be some pain in the incision area, which is usually short-term and can be relieved by common painkillers. After surgery, the patient is monitored by hospital personnel who will give recommendations for further care of the incision. Stitches will be removed in 7-10 days after the operation. This procedure is normally painless.
After surgery you will have to take a one- to two-week sick leave, depending on the nature of your work. Sick-leave form will be issued by your General Practitioner (Family Doctor). A supportive abdominal binder must be worn day and night for a month following the surgery. Bodybuilding, aerobics and other sports, which may have an adverse effect on the recovery of wounds, must be avoided for about a month. Lifting heavy things and strenuous physical work, also sauna and hot baths must be avoided. Swelling and bruising may occur after the surgery, but this will disappear within about three months. The final result can be seen in six months.